There is a great variety of antibiotics which are excellent in treating different stages of acne. They can be either of topical use or oral. The problem of acne is that harmful bacteria bridge the pores and this is the reason for rash on a skin. Antibiotics for treating acne kill these bacteria, clearing the pores. But such antibiotics don’t reduce the level of oil, which our body produces; they just act against harmful bacteria.
Tetracycline. This is one of the antibiotics, which is prescribed by doctors more often than others. Usually doctors tend to prescribe a systemic antibiotic therapy for a short time, because those bacteria, which cause acne problem, usually show tendency to stiffen resistance. There are some side effects of tetracycline; they are the reason for patients’ sun sensitivity. Also sometimes women, who take contraceptive pills while taking tetracycline treatment, experience lower effectiveness of contraceptive pills. So, it’s strongly recommended to avoid taking tetracycline by kids under 9 years and by pregnant women.
Erythromycin. This is also a very good cure for acne. Moreover, it is more advantageous than tetracycline. Erythromycin has an antioxidant property, which works against erubescence in the place of acne, and also its prior action is to kill bacteria. Erythromycin should be taken on a full stomach. The type of antibiotic determines the dosage, which should be taken. Generally 250mg or 500mg are prescribed to take twice a day. Erythromycin can be taken during pregnancy. Among the most common side effects are nausea and stomach upset.
Clindamycin. This is a semi-synthetic antibiotic for acne. In oral form it’s very good at treating acne, but its topical form proved to be well-tolerated, very safe and effective. It also acts like a destroyer of bacteria, which cause acne problems, and like an antiphlogistic agent in order to lessen or prevent inflammation. The main side effect of this antibiotic is that its usage may result in severe enteric infection, which is called mucocolitis. The reason for this infection is bacteria named Clostridium difficile.
Doxycycline. This is also a very effective antibiotic for treating acne and inflammations caused by it. If people with acne problems can’t cure it with tetracycline or erythromycin, they are usually prescribed doxycycline. The dosage to start with is generally from 50mg to 100mg of doxycycline twice a day. To prevent nausea, this drug should be taken on a full stomach. Like tetracycline, doxycycline can become the reason for sun sensitivity and sunburns, so it’s recommended to avoid direct sun light during the treatment.
Minocycline. This is a medication which has been greatly used for treating acne. For people, who suffer from acne of pustular type, minocycline is a thing to make use of. Usually the dosage prescribed to start with is from 50mg to 100mg two times a day. The most common side effects of this antibiotic are vomiting, nausea and dizziness; also there were some cases of tooth or skin discoloration if taking minocycline for a long time.
Benzoyl peroxide. This is one more antibiotic, which is used as a cure for acne. Benzoyl peroxide can be purchased in different forms: cleanser, gel, cream, lotion. The fact is than most of the widespread soaps, creams, lotions and gels, which are offered in the market, include benzoyl peroxide for controlling and preventing acne problems.
Isotretinoin. One more name for this medication is retinoic acid (Accutane). This is one more antibiotic for treating acne. It is available for oral usage. Isotretinoin proved to be effective in treating acne and the positive result remains for a long time. This medication shouldn’t be taken during pregnancy, since in other case it will be the reason for some defects and implications of a child.